The Baku, capital of Azerbaijan Republic with ancient history, natural and geographical conditions, abundant surface and underground resources, favorable climate, international transportation centers, modern and strong infrastructure and developed economy becomes one of the most beautiful capital cities of the region with its considerable strategic importance, as well as urban culture, modernity and beauty.
Located in the South of Absheron peninsula, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, Baku is one of the biggest cities in the East with its antiquity, territory and population, which now covers 150 sq.km and goes out along the sea bay with approximately 20 km. The capital’s population is about 3 million.
The city center is in style of amphitheatre, has an access to the sea from both sides. The city was built in right-angled direction. Streets are narrow and crooked in Icheri Sheher (Old City). Buildings in the center, main lines are close, in the suburban far-between. Suburban areas are oil extraction centers. Baku being the giant oil and gas industry center, you can find the railway, machinery, construction materials (cement production, lime production, stone quarries) enterprises, mineral waters (Shikh, Surakhani). A large number of mud volcanoes around the city (Keyraki, Lokbatan) and salt lakes (Boyukshor, Xocahasan). There are beaches and the Absheron resort around the city.
The capital city Baku is famous for its Boulevard, Fountain Square, the State Flag Square, the newly constructed “Flame Towers”, “Crystal Hall” where the “Eurovision” song contest was held, modern cultural center – “Heydar Aliyev” which is one of the world’s 5 best architectures, architectural buildings as mosques, sandy shores and beaches.
There are a lot of historical and architectural monuments in Baku that belongs to different periods. “Ateshgah” fire temple that existed before Islam, is located in 30 km in the south-eastern part of Surakhani settlement of the Absheron peninsula.
The ancient architectural monuments of Baku – the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, Old City Historical-Architectural Reserve and the Maiden’s Tower in 2000 and Gobustan National Park which is famous for the ancient rock drawings in 2007 was included to the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.