ATESHGAH – YANARDAGH
The temple of eternal fire Ateshgah is a unique masterpiece among the sights of Azerbaijan. Its fame goes far beyond the city of Baku, in which it is located and known pracfically throughout the world. The temple, which you can see today, is a pentagonal structure with a crenellated wall and an entrance in the form of a portal. In the center of the courtyard stands an altar in the form of a stone pavilion, in the corners of which there are fireplaces. In the center of the altar itself is a well, from which a burning gas was rising. The structure was erected in the 17-18 centuries by the Hindu community of the Sikh caste. But the history of the temple is much older. Long before that, there was an ancient sanctuary of the Zoroas- trians, who provided fire with special, mysfical properfies and came to worship the shrine.
On the territory of Azerbaijan, which is called the country of lights, there is a burning moun- tain, and in other words – Yanar dag. Yanardag is one of the most amazing natural a5racfions of the Apsheron Peninsula and is a mountainside that is swept by a flame that cannot be ex- finguished by rain or covered with sand burning for several millennia. Fiery landscape can be explained very simply: natural gas is released from the upper layers of the soil, when it comes into contact with oxygen, it turns into a flame. There are many legends connected with the mountain, and local people and pilgrims from all over the world sfill consider the mountain sacred and come to worship it or engage in meditafion on its hot slopes